Regulation of breathing exercises, pranayama

Pranayama is the regulation of vital energy (prana) through the management of breathing. We continue in this explanation the contents of Key of the Yoga. Theory and practice, the accredited book of Swami Digambarananda Saraswati, Danilo Hernandez (the Hare in March).


The word pranayama usually translate is of two forms: Prana+yama, that means "control of the prana", and prana+ayama, that means "expansion and arrest of the prana".

The prana is the energy or force vital that permeates throughout the universe. It is in all things, whether animate or inanimate. Man extracted it from different sources: air, food, water, etc. The body and the mind work through the prana and the respiratory process is the most direct way of absorbing this energy, Although the prana not is none of those elements chemical in the air.

Pranayama encompasses a set of breathing techniques that improve the uptake of oxygen and the Elimination of carbon dioxide, increases vital energy, clean energy channels and stimulate circulation pranic. Report a status of great calm mental and grant levels of consciousness more deep. Pranayama should not be understood as a simple breathing exercise, because their effects are many more away, creating balance between interdependent activities of the physical body, the mind and the life energy.

The basic premise

The basic premise behind the pranayama is breathing and mind are intimately linked. The State of an affects directly to the other. The regulation of breathing balances the prana and stabilized prana serena mind. In this sense, the effect of pranayama is much more notable to that which produced the asanas, one essential tool for the practice of meditation. The practice of pranayama gets all its strength when it is supplemented with the bandhas and mudras (keys energy and psychic gestures).

It must be emphasized the importance of practice correctly This discipline. Breathing interconnected structures very sensitive and subtle. Any excess, or a defective practice, can lead to more complications than good. Is very advisable to the assistance of an instructor competent.

The process respiratory in the pranayama consists of four phases that are carried out with certain rhythms: Puraka, Antar Kumbhaka, Rechaka and Bahir Kumbhaka.

  • Puraka or inspiration: process by which is absorbed the air to the inside of the lungs. Leads to a feeling of fullness and affirmation of one same.
  • Antar Kumbhaka: phase of retention of breath with lungs full of air. It produces primary assimilation of prana and concentration becomes deeper.
  • Rechaka: exhalation or movement whereby ejecting waste of oxygen combustion-asimilacion. The body is clear of all that extra. It generates a great relaxation and expansion of the inner self.
  • Bahir kumbhaka: retention of the breath with the lungs empty. You experience a feeling of empty, balance and serenity. During its realization can stop the activity of thought, allowing one step further than the mind.

Kevala Kumbhaka, door to the infinite

There is another type of retention called Kevala Kumbhaka. It is an advanced level of pranayama and usually happens spontaneously during the practice of meditation. Occurs when the pressure within the lungs is equal to atmospheric pressure. Breathing ceases, and the lungs are frozen. It is a moment of total inner peace that allows transcend the mind, an open door to the infinite.

The retention and the rhythm they are the essential aspects of pranayama. It is claimed that his regular practice arouses the sleeping brain potential.

When the pranayama is made of form voluntary, not spontaneous, receives the name of Sahita pranayama. Some known methods are: Ujjayi (psychic breathing), Bhastrica (bellows breath), Shitali (refreshing breath), Nadi Shodhana (alternate breathing), Kapalabhati (also considered a shatkarma, exercise of internal purification).

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By • 26 Dec, 2012 • section: Pranayama