Mudras: Jnana Mudra and Chin-Mudra
Jnana Mudra is said that it is one of the most therapeutic mudras that a person can practice, since it relieves nervous tension in the body, boosts memory, cure insomnia, and regulates the flow of air into the body... Chin Mudra increases the power and endurance, improves concentration even during meditation.
Practice with both hands: the tips of the thumbs touch probes of the indices, while the other fingers remain extended. The hands are relaxed on the thighs.
If the toes point upward, towards the sky, the mudra receives the name of Jnana Mudra. If the fingers point downward, into the Earth, Chin Mudra.
These mudras are practiced in two ways: first, as described, is when touch the tips of the thumb and forefinger; in the second version, the tip of the index touches the first phalanx of the thumb and thumb exerts a slight pressure on the nail of the index. The first is passive and receiving, posture and the second, the active and giving.
These are the two best-known hands of Hatha Yoga postures and they act to body, animico-mental and spiritual level. These gestures symbolize the harmony of human consciousness (thumb), and the three extended fingers, the three gunas, qualities that kept up all developments, both the macrocosm and the microcosm: Tamás (lethargy), Rajas (activity) and Sattwa (harmony, balance). The closed circle of the index and the thumb represents the goal of yoga: the union of Atman, the individual soul with Brahman, the soul of the world.
We find this mudra in many representations of Indian deities; they appear with the right hand on the heart, and the thumb and forefinger together, to go to the believer. It is the gesture of the proclamation of the teaching. Buddhists also know him and call him Vitarka Mudra (gesture of discussion). With it, the divinity or Buddha underlines the importance of its words. Christ It is also depicted doing this gesture on the ancient Byzantine icons, and in the Catholic Liturgy the priest does so after the consecration.
When the Jñana Mudra is practiced of heart is a wonderful thing. The hand is again at the height of the heart, the forefinger and thumb touch, although they are now directed inward and upward. So they simply symbolize the wisdom of God. Here is the delivery of the human to the divine wisdom and its recognition. This gesture is also a tenderness that touches the heart.
With this variant of the Jñana Mudra we are already at a spiritual level, but we must not overlook their physical effect. When this gesture is used to relieve physical disorders, da same which is practiced the Jnana Mudra or the Chin Mudra. This mudra is a universal remedy which improves tension and disorder States and stimulates the memory and concentration. It clarifies the spirit, all want to keep a clear head in any situation. It is also used in cases of insomnia or sleepiness, depression and hypertension. This mudra can be combined with other mudras, and reinforces its effect if it is practiced before or after another or other mudra is performed with one hand while with the other.