The deconditioning in yogic meditation
The experience of yogic meditation is something so different from other experiences that it is difficult to distinguish the organic element or level of the person responsible for this Act. However, it is thought to involve the same structures than in other tasks of the human being. Maybe just change the way in which these mechanisms operate. Diaz writes friendly. (Read the previous article:) Conditioning)
In the yogic meditation dispenses with that is common in other activities: body motion, logical reason (such as we use it on a daily basis), memories, motivations (unless, of course, the own meditation); What remains active (perhaps this point that that motivation guides us) is consciousness, refined content that surround it in normal conditions.
The development of the meditative process not seen usually located either in mind or outside it (in the transcendent); It is in the center of the person, of being, where it feels the meditator. In addition, what happens is self-creating self-sustaining, something similar to what is conscious sleep but not content; more than experiences or activities would be perceptions that only can be reflected in awareness, from the above conditions. We will have to consider the results of meditation as a knowledge, as a deconditioning of our supersaturated consciousness, or as an interactive effect of both?
The great Yogis of antiquity had responded in affirmative form to the first question: Yes, meditation is a knowledge, because through it is samadhi or self conscious and transcendent, but never without having passed by a previous deconditioning.
The second and third questions (are results of meditation a deconditioning of our supersaturated consciousness, either an interactive effect between the two?), a majority of yoga practitioners respond affirmatively, relying on the effects of meditation. And it is that the meditator felt, at the time when it returns to normal, one empowerment of affectivity generalized towards the physical and human environment, and free of any cultural or personal prejudice psychological well-being. This emotional disinhibition we mean when we speak of catharsis or deconditioning. On the other hand, who can assure us that this is not the first step towards the transcendent?
The core of the deconditioning
At this point, we are going to delve into the core of the "Deconditioning". What is it? My reflection in the preparation of this subject has led me to develop, on an interim basis, the following definition: it's an innate experience that can arise in a natural way, be induced or even sought, either deliberate or intuitive, and her influence internal and external stimuli in the context of cultural, social, or arising from their own personal experiences.
Experience deconditioning supposed mental and psychic, disinhibition with its corresponding sense of psychological well-being and personal freedom regained.
In yogic meditation, find the elements of deconditioning (seen from the perspective of Psychology) in the basic assumptions of yoga (that is, its philosophy and techniques) and the objectives that searches and can reach the ascetic or practitioner of Yoga.
In general, is true that Yogi, prior to the practice of meditation, has prepared his body with physical exercises, has worked his mind with techniques of concentration control, promptly changed the physiological processes through the mastery of breath, has learned how to relax, feel how in this practice vary the vital and mental energy levels and has scratched already, by moments, the proximity of the spirit and soul.
Through meditation, classical Yogi sought to achieve absolute freedom, since, at this point - eighth of Patanjali-anga, he could develop the ability to subtract to the specific domain of biological functions, the presence of the body, and the notions of time and space. In short, in this search for total freedom, intended to Yogi rescue the spirit from the scope of the matter, Perhaps guided by previous reminiscent of States or previous existences.
Seen from the perspective of psychology, found in our analysis a component of psychological deconditioning (which Yogi called freedom) as innate response which forms part, however, what represents the idea of freedom.
Freedom may be a necessity in the human psyche. How to inflect, therefore the deconditioning that we do in meditation on the psychic instances? We note, first, that this deconditioning affects the "I", because, while it is true that working from a conscious experience, curiously occurs outside of the "I", in a certain way, clear! "Yoica", in its Adaptive function instance, puts us in relation to the world and others, and partly us representing ourselves. It is this instance, equally, that keeps us alert against the fear of the dangers; is it that doubt, is restless, think, it pursues goals. etc.; and all this, as in the dream, is suspended or postponed during the State of meditation.
But the goal of meditation is not find a better adaptation to the environment, but go out and break all kinds of requirements, restrictions, rules and limits, if only temporarily.
Something similar happens in the psychic space; Here is not meditate to find a better balance, but is what is intended to override the existing or find another better. For this reason, to meditate, disclaim the established guidelines, whether these cultural or psychological.
We pointed out before that while the "I" is present in the experience of meditation, his role appears to be more than one witness who's an agent subject, because in the meditative experience one feels that what emerges to a foreground is being or "itself". This instance (i.e. the self, the "self") plays a role different from the self; Thus, when she dominates our consciousness, the feelings that arise respond to the idea of belonging to a common essence, shared by the whole of mankind, and which would derived universal values.
In this state of meditation disappear too, momentarily, the notions of individuality and of dualism, does not feel the difference between matter and spirit, between mind and body, the "I" between the "you", between the "I" and "we"; It can be said that we access to what the advaita vedanta designates as the ultimate goal, this is "find diversity in unity" and vice versa.
As well as, the main element of yogic meditation descondicionador lies in the fact of, internally, to evade us temporarily of the 'I' and the range of demands, fears or goals that this instance represents and entails. And to establish this parenthesis, we also conveniently external requirements, social or cultural. We see, for a while, that meditation allows us to access the experience of unity, referring to human and also cosmic reality.
The basic elements of the meditative yogic process consist of physical, physiological, attentional, mental and psychological changes.
Of the physical stillness changes of physiological functions managed by the autonomic nervous system (breathing cardio-vascular activity, etc) are derived. This physical stillness is, in itself, a descondicionante element, since it implies to break the routine of the movement. It also induces already, symbolically, to feel more in the essence, i.e. into being, rather than to make. The physical stillness reduces the sensations that can disturb the mental activity and is associated also spontaneously, at the present time.
The physiological change, generated from this physical stillness, power the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system, feeling the subject, from here, living a process of repair, rather than continue being pushed to the actions, own branch Nice.
Mental changes are measured by the reduction of the flow of thoughts, which positively affects the rupture of the automatisms (element this descondicionador, equally), whose function (the automatic thoughts) is, most of the time, feed the psychological conflict and maintain active beliefs irrational.
The control of the senses (eyes closed), reduces the ongoing stimulation and varies the rate of brain waves (Beta pass to Alpha), is therefore an important element of the meditative process.
Also the care management It is a specific resource of the meditative state, when she directed and focused, almost without any disturbance, in the development of the intellectual process and consciousness.
View the previous exhibition, we can conclude that the process descondicionador in yoga is given by the use we give to the motor, mental and psychic, physiological functions and this in order to achieve the ultimate objective which is release.
Applied psychology when operating on these functions makes it to restore the lost balance by States such as anxiety or depression, without perhaps realizing that motor, physiological, mental and psychic, before mentioned, amendments When carried to practice in the State of meditation, they can promote personal growth for a better and healthier life, psychologically speaking.
Awarenessin the State of meditation, he does not seem to be subject to cognitive elaborations, or information from the senses; It is as if I had a life of its own, is imposed to the subject in such a way that it is more real than the same mind or even attentional processes; so much so that it's easier to talk about lucidity of consciousness than alertness.
Consequently, the deconditioning would come here from the fact to be able to connect with a body that just feels when there is activity yoica. This connection with the lucidity of consciousness, during the State of meditation, provides, by itself, a feeling of fullness which, from the psychological point of view, can be considered, probably an intrinsic reinforcement which allows the subject free from other affective dependencies or materials, and also argue you in their self-esteem, enhancing their sense of inner freedom and a change in attitudes towards life.
On the other hand, in the meditative process mind descondiciona from the moment when not prompted it to reason, to remember or think, or even to take action; It is the mind, at this time, only a witness, an observer of that inner world that has nothing to do with the mind blank; on the contrary, we could compare it to the hidden bustle of life on a warm summer night, which our eyes are not seeing what our ears appears to have collapsed.
Another element descondicionador is the absence of expressions of what we feel and perceive when we meditate; It is as if that experience is stored in another type of record that you will not need to be named.
Listen to internal
Yogic in Group meditations are usually always have a theme whose content may include or no elements of disinhibition mental, psychological or both at the same time. In the case of personal meditation (not in Group), the subject can not be default and emerge in the course of the session.
The way how is live and processed the contents of the thoughtful influences the subsequent benefits, as we see in these circumstances that work is mostly intuitive zone of our mind, thing this beneficial for the rational part, which can be currently disabled. This implies also, internally, a listener, a receipt of information that does not usually present in the logical elaborations.
Move the intuition more in the realm of subjectivity, it perhaps is closer and in line with the psychic contents. Part of meditation is ideal, therefore to get rid of experiences past, painful or traumatic.
In yogic meditation, the process of emergency or internal emanation of information is basic and indicates that it is moving towards the transformation of full consciousness. This fact, seen from psychology, leads us to think in the empowerment of a locus of internal control that would trigger actions greater self-control and personal autonomy, revealing new possibilities subject himself discovers him.
Details to take care of
In yogic meditation, the instructions tend to be most important in the beginning of meditation than in the middle and final part. They are necessary at first, especially to steer the process, which is the most difficult part.
In general, the orientation should not become too complex sentences, or containing overly explanatory and reasoned. The objective will be to locate the meditator at the start of the road and that is it, then, who walk, bringing to light their own content. Therein lies the choice and the possibility of change.
And it will be equally important to allow enough time between each verbal instruction.
Postural corrections, through physical contact, usually felt as interference and come often, break the State of introspection.
On the other hand, the influence of the instructor or teacher in the meditative process varies according to come be his participation, since it can be guided meditation without make it or, on the other hand, guiding it to make it; This is how the Eastern teachers tend to proceed.
In the second case (when the instructor guide meditation, while does it) it is usually greater influence, since their voice will vary tone according to your own State. This circumstance will influence and creating a tune that, without trying the teacher, influences the listener. Similar effect can have the position of meditation, if who guide keeps it in a comfortable way.
There are other elements that have to do with the assessment make the pupil of efficiency and professional value of the instructor.
These are details all these who should care, since not proceed so it happens that, instead of taking students to a process of deconditioning through meditation, we fall into the opposite, is in a process of hypnotic suggestion, that determines more than psychologically free.
Friendly Diaz Lopez It is a clinical psychologist in exercise and teacher of the Spanish Association of practitioners of Yoga (AEPY) since 1983. Training of teachers, with own school in Madrid, since 1995: Yoga Center Pantanjali.
Disciple of Eva Ruchpaul, aware of the teachings of B.K.S. Iyengar and André Van Lysebeth.
Former President of the AEPY and former President, for four years, of the Commission educational of the European Association of Yoga (UEY).
For more than twenty years, comes to exercise seriously and respect this noble discipline, linking its activity to contact the India with swami Veda Bharati. Her wide experience allows her to consider Yoga, in its therapeutic aspect, as the psychophysical method full and more advisable to remedy problems of exhaustion, stress and anxiety, without forgetting that Yoga is, first and foremost, spiritual realization.