We are what we experience
Parents and educators are those who more write me, interested in research on the brain. They are looking for strategies to improve learning and brain development. They are looking for answers. From here we try to give them. By Koncha pines-Pey for space MIMIND.
In the past 25 years, more than 20 Nobel laureates have been neuroscientists that has opened a window to the functioning of the human brain.
What is neuroplasticity?
Although not can regenerate limbs, can reinvent and rewire our brains - and therefore ourselves - through neuroplasticity. The first theories represent the human brain as a machine that could not physically change its composition. Today we know that our brains undergo constant Renovationss to adapt to our world in constant motion.
Open architecture is a computer term used to describe the processing systems that can adapt to the changes of the user. Similarly, in neuroscience brain neuroplasticity refers to the ability of the brain to change its structure and neuronal mechanisms. The changes in brain function as the brain itself recableando the response according to the demands posed by the medium. Our brains are malleable, are plastic, and that has helped us to develop appropriate survival strategies. The plasticity of the brain is the extraordinary ability to learn, unlearn and rebuke.
How is the brain organized?
A significant part of this neural processing is the coding of sensory stimuli. The information enters the brain in the form of sensations, auditions or visions. All incoming stimuli - except those that are sent to the olfactory system - are sent to the thalamus, where sensory information is processed before going to the cerebral cortex; there its components break down.
Each element of color, motion, lines, angles, textures, splits and goes to a specialized region of our cerebral cortex to be processed. The brain compares the new information with the old which has saved - past experiences stored in memory-. If it finds a match, it gives an OK or appropriate response. Our response to stimuli known time is fast, is automatic, so these reactions as they have been validated, recablean automatically.
The examination of the brain level macro consists of four large lobes, each 200 functional areas. The damage in a cortical area in particular alter or destroy any associated specific competition. But with the techniques of brain mapping today day, we can predict with accuracy which is reduced or is lost if we have an accident, an illness or injury.
Each brain starting life has ability to learn everything you know on earth - we can talk about 6,000 languages. When a child hears constantly regular sounds or phonemes of a certain language, connections create links in the auditory cortex. The window to learn languages is closing at the beginning of puberty. After this the language learning will be more difficult, not impossible; and you will have more pronounced accent learned at an early age.
Neuroplasticity in early age
While genetics and prenatal influences may calibrate the brain at birth, all depends largely on experiences after determining their capacities and deficiencies. "We are what we experience". Thousands of neuronal circuits are constantly reorganizing and diverting quantity, quality and volume of experiences. This has profound implications on what we should do in each home for our children and especially in schools who work with children at an early age.
Stimulation of babies and small children, how are these interactions, determine the development of their brain and their wiring structure, as these experiences have a decisive impact on the architecture of the brain and its capabilities further.
The cells of the brain create connections whenever we integrate something new. Whether we are crawling, reading, drinking or dancing, these experiences create channels and brain pathways and synapses that capture what we know to create us as we are - identity-. The human brain is the sum of own experiences with other brains.
Neuroplasticity outlines a future in the neuroeducation not seeming to any previous landscape of human history. This human information processing technology is breaking the limitations of classical education. If you're a parent, an educator, or any person who has the responsibility of caring for the development of young minds, in neuroscience, neuroplasticity or neuroeducation literacy is not an option but a necessity.
To understand scientifically what are neuroeducation and neuroplasticity, why human beings behave either sympathetic or unselfish, why not require collaboration among those who study the brain using measures objective and which? they study the mind from subjective observation - as the contemplative traditions of the mind-?
Prune brain garden
All of us have had an Ivy that was was eating our favorite wall. Prenatal overproduction of neuronal synapses is same as that Ivy. It is a neurological accumulation insurance policy, just in case I need it in the future. During the first two decades of life, the brain "pruning" connections, autoreorganizando dynamically to operate in the world. If not, it would be impossible.
It's like a woman who leaves his house each day and carries a walking stick that marks a furrow in the way of his farm. Finally the Lady could do daily simply putting the stick in the slot marked. That makes the brain, strengthen with use. The neural pathways are still stable patterns, they strengthen with repeated use, While networks are unreliable...
The pruning of the brain helps to protect, to spend valuable resources and dispose of waste. Programmed cell death removes all the neurons that are not necessary (and thus the other paths that the lady has not used disappear), and will be closing forever. The skills that we do not use have the same fate: are forgotten. Although memory failures are due to degraded, neural networks you are accelerated with the loss of memory, stress or aging. To reduce our skills, we reduce global memory and performance.
If we look at nature, we understand more neuroscience. It always offers two solutions of compromise: the flair and flexibility. Those species whose behavior is dominated by the instinct (fish, amphibians, insects) have brains that leave little room for the neuroplaticidad, but which are very efficient in terms of survival. As a result they are less adaptable. Human brains, by contrast, which were formed by different evolutionary pressures, are compensated with adaptability. We are very neuroplasticos to be able to adapt to the multiple models and formats that life asks us.
A través de la neurociencia tenemos una comprensión más profunda sobre cómo la flexibilidad del cuerpo y su entrenamiento en disciplinas contemplativas como el yoga, ayuda a tener una mirada amplia, a cablear nuestros comportamientos cerebrales. Todo está por descubrir; es apasionante.