The Yoga Upanishads, always alive ancient education
The Yoga Upanishads they are little known and there are few translations into Western languages. Swami Satyananda Saraswati introduces us to this teaching which leads to the Yogi to the recognition of his fulness.
With his knowledge of the hindu tradition, the philosophy of yoga and Advaita Vedanta and Kashmir Shaivism, Swami Satyananda Saraswati teaches regularly in pure form, experienced and direct, as has been transmitted traditionally, from guru to disciple. Today he responds to our questions:
What are the? Upanishads?
The Upanishads they are the very heart of Hinduism. They are the final part of the Vedas and dealing with the knowledge of our essence, the atman. The road that leads to the fullness of our being exposed.
Traditionally it is considered that there are 108 Upanishads of great relevance; of these, ten are considered the most important, since they were commended by Shankara, Ramanuja, Madhva and other great sages.
And specifically the? Yoga Upanishads?
The Yoga Upanishads they are a group of some twenty Upanishads specifically showing the route of the Yogi in its process towards liberation. They discussed in depth the various practices and stadiums on the road, and provide clarity on issues such as concentration, meditation, the silence of the mind, States of inner absorption, contemplation in non-duality, samadhi, the process of purification, the subtle body, kundalini, the mantra, the inner sound or anything, asana, pranayama, and other aspects of the path of yoga. These texts are considered authentic jewelry and are a valuable guide for our practice.
What Upanishad would be the most suitable for introducing us to this teaching?
Traditionally begins with the study of the 'Katha Upanishad', text that narrates the dialogue between the young Nachiketa and Grandmaster Yama. We find in it the following verses of great beauty:
"The Supreme being, which is hidden in all beings, not shines outwards; "but can be seen by the wise men by means of their concentrated and subtle intellect".
"The wise man should melt his word in his mind, and his mind in his intellect. It should then merge their intellect in the cosmic mind, and the cosmic mind in the Supreme being".
"Get up! Wake up! Get closer to the (wise) and learns from them! The path is narrow like the edge of a knife, so the sages say it."
It is important to remember that traditionally one does not study these texts on their own, since the search engine can acquire comprehensions incorrect or incomplete. Hinduism gives great importance to listening to the teaching of the master, shravana. In this listening there is a transmission of wisdom and the blessing of the master. Then, when the applicant continues studying the text after having heard, the text for it, it has come to life.
How does its narrative?
The Upanishads teaching is usually expressed as a dialogue between a teacher and a disciple. The structure of their texts is very variable and very free in its expression; at the same time is very simple, but metaphysically very high. Know to some extent the basis of Hinduism help to understand the depth of his teaching. Some Upanishads presented his wisdom through stories, dialogues between wise ascetics and Kings; stories of the creation of the cosmos, among others. There is a wide latitude in its form of expression.
In the 'Chandogya Upanishad' There is a well-known story: Shvetaketu had returned to his home after twelve years of study with a teacher. His father Uddhalaka, a wise man, perceived in his son a certain conceit and lack of humility, because the knowledge acquired and not properly assimilated. To prove it, Uddhalaka asked: "Do know that known when there's nothing left to know?". Shvetaketu, surprised, didn't know what to say. And he said unto his father their teachers surely didn't know it. Within a few days, with a humble attitude, Shvetaketu urged Uddhalaka to teach about it.
Uddhalaka taught him a simple and very deep. Asked to take a glass of water. He then asked that questions remain regarding salt in the water and that moving it until it dissolved. After a while he asked: "Do you see the salt in the water?". Shvetaketu replied: "No, I can't see it, has been dissolved". And his father and guru Uddhalaka said: "In the same way that salt is present in this water but it is not, so the atman is present in everything that exists".
According to the teachings of the Upanishads, how can we carry out daily meditation practice without turning it into a mechanical Act?
Meditation is the Centre which are all spiritual practices. Hatha yoga, kirtan, the concentration and the study, among many other practices, are supports for the power of the senses and the mind go inward.
The Yogi becomes aware that the moments of meditation are very sacred moments. For practice, it prepares your body and feels so clean and pure, as well as your clothing. It sits in your asana or meditation cushion, with delivery and humility to remain in its own attitude. In this process, can sometimes help us listen some mantras, look at the image of our master or something that inspires us, read a sacred text or do pranayama. "I thank the cosmos that it gives me the opportunity to have this time with myself, honor my own and sacred existence and, having generated an attitude open and sacralised, direct my senses and my mind inwards".
In meditation, we tried to enter the area in which "we are simply". The space in which we don't want to do anything, they simply sitting quietly and loving in total presence, noting previous thinking silence. The help of the practices mentioned above will make our meditation easy and deep, and We can access the space of non-thinking. When this happens, the great silence manifests and Yogi recognizes the total fullness in his heart. This is the fruit of constant practice carried out for a long time with love and respect. In yogic language, this perseverance is called abhyasa. This whole process is thoroughly detailed in the Yoga Upanishads.
Yogi purification leads to the awakening of the kundalini energy and this, the recognition of its essence. Could you explain about the process of meditation, kundalini and fulfillment?
When the practitioner can hold a deep meditation and has the grace of his master, the awakening of the kundalini energy takes place naturally. This awakening brings a profound internal transformation, since the nature of kundalini shakti is purify us and lead us to the ultimate expression of the fullness.
Kundalini leads us to the significance of the limitation and the full recognition of what we are. The Yoga Upanishads They specifically address this purification and transformation.
Finally, could share any quotation of the? Yoga Upanishads?
An of the Yoga Upanishads, the 'Amritabindu Upanishad'says:
“La mente es la única causa de la esclavitud y de la liberación de los seres humanos. La mente apegada a los objetos de los sentidos conduce a la esclavitud. La mente que está libre del apego a los objetos, nos libera”.
“El estado supremo es cuando la mente se mantiene firmemente en el corazón, habiendo abandonado todos los apegos a los objetos de los sentidos. Allí, la mente alcanza su auténtica naturaleza, el Ser”.
“Controla la mente hasta que se funda en el corazón, esto es sabiduría, esto es meditación; el resto son palabrerías”.
Retiro Las Yoga Upanishads
Swami Satyananda Saraswati impartirá la enseñanza de las Yoga Upanishads en un retiro en el que profundizará sobre la práctica de la meditación, y expondrá acerca el proceso del despertar de kundalini tal como se explica en las Upanishads.
Cuándo y dónde: del 4 al 12 de agosto en Girona. Durante estos días, se disfrutará de la vida de ashram en un entorno de naturaleza, con práctica de meditación, hatha yoga, kirtan, silencio y servicio.
Vale recordar que muchos de estos textos no están traducidos al castellano. Será una oportunidad muy especial para conocer esta sabiduría ancestral a la que no es sencillo acceder.
More information in www.advaitavidya.org