Yoga and advaita: nine answers your questions about the relationship between the two
Swami Satyananda Saraswati offers us the keys to understand the basis of the Advaita and its relationship to the practice of yoga. Two different paths to the same goal, the release.
1. in the Yoga we find different visions and teachings. Is there a relationship between hatha yoga and advaita?
Both yoga and advaita are ways of self-knowledge that part of Hinduism. Hatha yoga emphasizes practice by means of body, and prana, or vital energy, to harmonize the energy to the union of the Sun and the Moon, or ida and pingala, with the subsequent awakening of kundalini and finally release. This is the real Yoga purpose, although it also has certain therapeutic applications that today stand out.
The Advaita vedanta conceived that there is a single non-dual reality. It is the way of the jnana yoga, the yoga of knowledge, which seeks to recognize the essence or consciousness that exists in everything and always, beyond change.
Following the traditional method both ways require an intense aspiration, persistence in practice, abhyasa, and a teacher who guide us in this beautiful and profound process.
2. the hatha yoga and raja yoga speak false identification of the real 'I' with the mind. How is it explained in the advaita?
For the advaita, it is this same avidya, or ignorance primary, which covers us like a veil and not let us recognize our transcendent essence, reality. This leads to an identification with a body and a mind. As we see here two systems are nearby, are not separate fields but that their visions coexist and will feed back.
My teacher, Swami Muktananda, always said that you can be in jiva bhava, or in the awareness that you're a limited, or shiva bhava, full recognition that consciousness you are always free. Jiva bhava are you under maya or illusion. When you break this illusion you recognize your essence.
3 what the difference?
The emphasis of hatha yoga is the determination and intensity of practice, using various media to purify body and mind.
In advaita, as Shankara, it actually wouldn't need to do anything, but just realize what you already are using a deep discernment, viveka.
4 Patanjali speaks of the ashtangha yoga, or the 8 steps towards Liberation (kaivalya). What would be the process of the advaita vedanta?
Advaita is a rigorous path that requires a previous preparation. Texts specify that the applicant must have discernment (viveka), detachment (vairagya), six very important qualities (satsampati): a mind pregnantly (sama), an aquietados senses (dama), self-mastery (uparati), Fortress (titiksha), complete concentration (samadhana), confidence (sraddha); and finally an intense desire for liberation (mumukshutva).
Then it would be when we can begin to experience the reality. To enter a State of auto-indagacion, or vichara, it is very difficult with a mind and a few overly extroverted ways, so the practice of hatha and raja yoga are a great support to access this.
We see again his great complementarity when the same Shankara, the great exponent of advaita, compares in the Aparoksha some anubhuti these angas or yoga steps from the point of view of the final realization of the advaita. Thus, for example, the true asana would be the one in which reality meditation flows so spontaneous and incessant; the absorption of the mind in awareness would pratyahara and stay at this absolute of this awareness, true meditation, dhyana.
5. How could we say that advaita is a more subtle way?
It is a process where the mind must already be pregnantly. Very few can be aware of what you already they are doing nothing. They would be souls with a practice in a previous life with a tremendous maturity; There are cases as well as Ramana Maharshi with its spontaneous awakening or Nisargadatta Maharaj where his practice was only three years old. In many other cases it requires an intense determination and a firm practice to purify and descondicionar our minds of the illusion that we are a limited mind.
6 are both ways compatible?
There are many examples where advaita teaching uses the sadhana yoga as a support to purify body and mind and thus access the State of knowledge: the school of Swami Sivananda of Rishikesh, Swami Muktananda, Swami Vivekananda and a long etcetera. At the same time there are advaitins who do not practice yoga or meditation and only remain in observation and inquiry, atma - vichara.
7. is it necessary for a Yogi to follow the path of advaita?
Of course not, the path of hatha and raja yoga lead to kaivalya, liberation. They are full paths for themselves. But some people feel close to the advaita and are accompanied by yogic practices to facilitate their process and be able to enter this space of consciousness.
8. what obstacles or difficulties may appear closer this way?
Today the advaita is fashionable and we have seen appear neo-advaita where there is the danger of self-deception: people with little preparation, without knowledge of the process that exposed traditional texts, without a teacher or without having carried out any practice intense for so long, they think that by hearing a few phrases of wisdom in a talk or satsang may access this State. Of course they can access some intellectual understanding or have some experience, but advaita leads us to a State of awareness of fullness beyond of all change.
9 What then would be the final state that runs along this path?
The advaitin becomes recognized as the conscience always present behind every name and any method. In the midst of change he sees no change, in the midst of finitude perceives the infinity, amid relative imperfection perceived supreme perfection that conceives as his own being and the being of all.
Shankara says in his work: ‘Then the best of the Yogis, reaching perfection (when set to this Supreme consciousness) It frees you from the practices. The true nature of that being is beyond the word and the mind '.
Swami Satyananda Saraswati It will tour Argentina from April to July and be held at the August retreat in Spain on meditation, level and silence, which will expose experiential way the traditional teaching of yoga, meditation and advaita.
Meditation, silence and auto-indagacion. From 3 to August 12 in Viladasens (Girona).
More information and registration: www.advaitavidya.org