6 psychological benefits of yoga
We share, by the interest of the data providing, this article published on the website of psychology and mind. It is signed by Jonathan García Allen.
Yoga is a very old physical and mental practice that has been expanding all over the world due to its benefits and that ensures a firm body, a stable mind and a benevolent spirit.
Consists of postures (asanas), relaxation (savasana), meditation (fhyana), breathing (pranayama), kriyas (cleanings) and mudras (energy seals), kirtan (songs), mantra or rituals. In addition to exercise, for many, it is a way of life that seeks the well-being, inner peace and involves a lifestyle involving the observation of ethical guidelinesprinciples of life and adequate food.
Yoga achieves integration of the movement with breath until they cease to be two separate entities and are transformed into one. His practice becomes an agent of extremely powerful processing that causes changes in our health. In fact, its use is seen as a medicine preventive or rehabilitative because it stimulates the metabolic and anabolic processes and improve energy circulation, oxygenating the body. When we talk about yoga, we can not only make reference to the physiological benefits (for example, increase flexibility, decrease muscle stiffness, etc.), but that we have to mention the positive consequences in mind, emotional well-being and the brain.
Here we present the 6 psychological benefits of yoga practice.
1 it reduces stress
The lifestyle of Western societies can bring many people to suffer from stress, causing problems of health psychological including depression, anxiety, etc. A study of Thirthalli and Naveen (2013) shows that yoga therapy reduces levels of cortisol, a hormone that is released in response to the stress. Cortisol is necessary for the body because it regulates and mobilizes the energy in stressful situations, but if you have too much or increases in situations that we don't need it, produces many side effects. Practicing yoga we can lower the levels of this hormone, and therefore, reduce stress.
2. improvement in sleep
Serotonin (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter that is derived from an amino acid called tryptophan. Send messages within the brain and nervous system, and participates in many processes such as the regular humor or appetite. In addition, one of their main tasks is increase the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep cycles. To achieve a peaceful rest, also, serotonin It intervenes in the control of stress and body temperature. "Yoga practice increases serotonin levels by what helps you sleep better," explains Dr. Murali Doraiswam, author of a study by the University of Duke in which included the review of more than a hundred research works on yoga.
3 improving the humor
As mentioned in the previous point, the serotonin (5-HT) also regulates mood. Low levels of 5-HT are associated with depressive and obsessional behavior. An investigation of Cabral, Meyer and Ames (2011) found that regular yoga practice, produces significant improvements in patients with depression and anxiety similar to the exercise, due to the increase of serotonin. Another neurotransmitter that seems to influence this aspect is the GABA. A recent study by Boston University and the University of Utah It has been shown that also produced an increase of this neurotransmitter in the practitioners of yoga.
4 lengthens the lifespan and prevents degenerative diseases
U.S. researchers from the Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital have shown, after a study, yoga and meditation to increase the size of the Telomeres, structures that are located at the ends of the chromosomes and that relate directly to the aging, the development of certain diseases and even premature death. The study concludes that seems to exist a correlation positive between Telomeres healthy and of great size, and the increase of longevity, the prevention of diseases degenerative and it health of them people. Do yoga only 15 minutes to the day is enough to produce biochemical changes in the brain and neurons.
5 improving concentration
Practitioners of yoga improve concentration, coordination, reaction time, memory, learning, and show a greater ability to solve problems According to a study of Neha Gothe, Professor at Wayne State University in Detroit. According to their research, published in The Journal of Physical Activity and Health20 minutes of yoga a day are more beneficial to cognitive level that a session of physical activity intense.
6 improve the couple's relationship and sexual relations
According to Pete McCall, exercise and personal trainer for the American Council of exercise physiologist: "yoga can result in a better sex because it will help your flexibility and strengthen the muscles of the pelvis". A study published in The Journal of Sexual Medicine suggests that yoga can treat premature ejaculation and improve sexual satisfaction. In addition, as it mentions another investigation of the University of British Columbia, the reduction of stress through the practice of yoga, it increases libido and sexual vitality. Therefore, by improving the life sexual of different ways, is possible that the relationship of couple also will see benefit.