Yantra, the hindu sacred geometry
A yantra is basically a diagram that may be composed of one or more geometric figures. The merging of these, produces a very powerful energy interaction. Writes Juan Carlos Ramchandani (Krishna Kripa)
The Sanskrit word yantra comes from the prefix Yam which means "conceive", "mental conception". Yantra, therefore, literally means "device", "artifice", "mechanism", "tool", or more precise yet, "instrument". It makes reference to certain geometric complex levels and powers of the cosmos (custom in the form of the chosen deity) and representations of the human body (in the microcosmic replica of the macrocosm).
The yantras are widely used in Hindu ceremonies, which are considered as the "body" of the personal deity (ishta-devata). They are drawn on paper, wood or fabric; they are also recorded in metal or other materials, and are even designed in three dimensions in mud, sand or metal. The Yantras are made up of a square containing circles, Lotus petals and a Center root or bindu (literally: point). In its design are considered numbers with power to hindu astrology and Numerology: from 1 to 9 and 0 which allow other numbers. Color is another important aspect, since white, Orange, red and blue are the colors of greater relevance. The yantras always are geometric and appoint a symbolic diagram that in two or three dimensions, ranges from the size of a point or triangle to the dimensions of a temple, designed to attract positive energies and to protect against negative energies.
According to the Puranas (sacred texts), thousands of years ago the rishis "(wise) lived in the caves of the Himalayas, away of humanity and his fall increasing samsara (the cycle of repeated births and deaths). They had a life of austerity and penance and meditation in order to break free and achieve enlightenment.
One day received a divine message of Vishnu, the Supreme Lord, that would help them in this process. Thus, with this revelation is how the philosophy of tantra-yantra-mantra. The shaivas rishis say that Shiva who appeared to them.
Either Shiva or Vishnu the creator of this form of sadhana, we can consider it as a technique of meditation and purification of the self.
The word "tantra" means network. Consists of the root as: extend, expand. The intention is to expand the wisdom with spiritual growth and Liberation, giving value to own, both physical and energy body as a positive element from which aspire to the lighting. The body is a representation of the macrocosm and this metaphysical notion understands karma (which is basically the effect produced, and action), the practice of rituals (pujas and homas) and the experience of each one in the liberating process of the soul (atman) which translates into organic, subtle and spiritual energy.
This current will blow with aspects of hatha yoga, with the purpose of obtaining total control over the energies of the body.
The yantras are visual tools that help meditation, being geometric, numeric, or written representations of different deities (manifestations of God), as they were perceived by the great Rishis of ancient India.
Vastu and the yantras
Vastu is one of the upa-vedas (complementary Vedas) that discusses the influence of the laws of nature in the human constructions. It is based on a series of treaties that bring together the various precepts which must be observed when designing a building for any use; either a house or a temple. According to Hinduism, the vastu believes that the universe is composed of five elements: Earth, water, fire, air and ether, and that the design of a building should get a balanced relationship between them. Vastu is considered the origin of the Chinese Feng-shui.
Possible errors or energy defects in the construction of the place, bad orientation rooms, etc, is can rectify with the placement of different yantras to balance and restore favorable energies of the building and at the same time protect it from negative influences. This can be verified through a study of a vasati or expert in vastu, which will recommend the appropriate yantras and the rituals that accompany it.
The first civilizations of the India gave them magic powers, as for example to restore health, overcome certain dangers and cause rains, among other qualities.
Benefits from the use of the yantras
Currently, some use the yantras as talismans or charms, but they are mainly used as a tool for meditation, since they encourage calm and concentration, promoting the physical, psychological and spiritual well-being.
The yantra, used as a tool for meditation, acts as a focal point to the absolute. It is designed to raise awareness and bring to the practitioner to a higher degree of spirituality. This is achieved thanks to the ability to attract the eye toward the Centre of the composition, which is usually perfectly symmetrical.
Some rituals with yantras are also used therapeutically. In addition, you can create yantras specific to a disease or a specific person, as an amulet which carries out protection against energy imbalances, spells, etc. In any case, the effectiveness of the yantra will depend on the quality of concentration and visualization of the adept, as well as his mastery of subtle energies.
Difference between yantra and mandala
The yantras and mandalas are sacred diagrams used by Hinduism and Buddhism to represent the structure of the universe and the human being, this considered as a microcosmic replica of the macrocosm. They are a geometric projection of the cosmos, and are often organized by a circle (Center of the universe and support concentration) inscribed within a square-shaped. In practice, the Hindu yantras are linear and geometric, while the Buddhist mandalas are figurative. Its purpose is similar to the yantras. They are used for purposes of concentration, devotionals, or to increase the knowledge and the personal wisdom.
Style and specific meaning of each mandala or yantra is explained according to the era and the sampradaya (philosophical school) to believe it; vaishnavas (dedicated to Vishnu), there are (dedicated to Shiva) shaivas and shaktas (devoted to Shakti, the goddess mother). Mandalas are often made with fragile or perishable items such as sand, petals of flowers or rice. The construction of a mandala of this type is thorough and takes several days. However, once destroyed to comply with one of the fundamental purposes of his philosophy: show the impermanence of things, promoting the detachment. The creation of a mandala or a yantra is, besides an elaborate work that develops patience and constancy, an active meditation, a powerful instrument for concentration and relaxation. The relationship that is established through the contemplation of its geometry leads to a State of mind that invites to the samadhi or union with the divine.
Yantras and mantras
Each yantra is a mantra (sacred phoneme) by means of which the individual mind calls the cosmic energy through the three bodies: causal, subtle and material. It is also considered to the yantra as a recipient of the energy of the mantra.
In addition, the yantras are complemented with mantras, since they combine the power of the practitioner with the of the yantra, which, in turn, vibrates with the infinite power of the universe. In meditation, both instruments are generally used simultaneously.
A yantra properly energized contains the same energy of divinity and is the essence of the divinity. One of the Sanskrit meanings of the word yantra is the tool or machine, so a yantra is a machine that serves to demonstrate the power of the divinity that is in the place where it is placed.
Energize a yantra
A yantra ceases to be just a geometric drawing and becomes the physical body of a divinity, this has to be properly ritualized by a purohita (hindu priest) who perform a ceremony of fire (homa) using instruments and rituals appropriate to install the breath of life (prana pratishta) and thus invite the deity to indwell each yantra. So that any figure or image of a deity is as powerful as it is a ritualized yantra.
To worship the yantra (previously installed), in the first place should be a purifying bath. You must be the yantra facing East on a wooden rack and offer incense, a candle, flowers, fruits, among others. Following the instructions of a teacher, is will recite the mantra proper of the yantra at convenient time and with a certain duration. It is not seen details of the yantra, but keep their heads in the Centre, since it referred to the entire composition together.
Only used the yantras as objects of worship, meditation and protection, allowing the practitioner to favour with their energy.
This intellectual discipline to use the yantras arises from the high thought of the India and gives rise to the worship of the deity in all its forms, while at the same time it is a path of liberation.
Types of yantras
There is a yantra for every desire, but the most famous yantra of all is the Sri Yantra. The Sri Yantra considered the Supreme yantra, so it contains and transcends all others. The name refers to the power of the Goddess (Sri), summarized in a complex scheme of forms dedicated to Shakti (for the shaivas) and Lakshmi (for the vaishnavas). This yantra gives the victory to all levels. It is composed of nine triangles juxtaposed and placed so that they originate a total of 43 small triangles. Four of the first nine triangles are running up and represent the masculine cosmic energy (Shiva); the other five are running down and symbolize the female force (Shakti). These triangles are surrounded by a Lotus of eight petals which symbolizes Vishnu. The following Lotus, with sixteen petals, represents the conquest of the desired goal, specifically the power of Yogi on the mind and the senses. By enclosing this Lotus four concentric lines that connect symbolically meets the two lotuses. Triple line that surrounds it is called the "city of the Earth" (bhupura) and appoints the consecrated place that can contain the universe entire or, by analogy, the human body.
Different types of yantras and their properties
- Ganesha: to succeed in new activities and early.
- Durga: protects against theft, arguments, accidents, fires and problems in life.
- Hanuman: against spells, force to overcome difficult problems and change impossible situations.
- Vishnu: eliminate fears and phobias, increases and improves the friendships.
- Lakshmi and Kubera: prosperity and wealth.
- Parvati / Uma: marital bliss; solves problems with the couple.
- Mahamritunjaya: for longer life, avoid a sudden, premature or imminent death.
- Shiva: for the practice of yoga.
- Navagraha: Yantra for prosperity in general and the 9 planets of Vedic, to balance the chakras.
- Dhanvantari: heals diseases and given good health.
- Sarasvati: learning, knowledge, intelligence and wisdom.
- Vastu Purusha: to correct energy defects in the construction of the home or workplace.
- Krishna Gopal Santan: It prevents abortions and given healthy children to couples.
These symbolic diagrams can only be found in the India in 120 temples and Hindu monasteries (108 devoted to Vishnu and his incarnations, and 12 to Shiva), and are guarded by the own priests or brahmanas. No one has access to them, except for mediation, intervention or approval of the guardian of the Yantra. After a long and deep research work, the author of this article got access to sacred and secret books that contain this information and play the yantras in metal and paper, following the ancient tradition, entrusting to the Hindu artisans hard work of craftsmanship, in order to put them within reach of the Western public, so that everyone can benefit from supernatural forces in these divine instruments of spiritual power. The yantra should be engraved in metal or printed on paper at a propitious time determined by complex astrological calculations. The yantras are beneficial for all mankind without distinction of race or creed, and it can be an important complement in the meditation of yoga practitioners.
If you want to get a ritualised yantra, you can write directly to the author at the following e-mail address: email@example.com and it can advise you on the type of yantra which suits you according to your needs or wishes.
Juan Carlos Ramchandani is purohit (hindu priest), yoga-acharya (yoga teacher) and Doctor in traditional hindu philosophy. He has published 11 books and numerous articles on yoga and Hinduism. He travels across Spain lecturing and performing Vedic ceremonies.