Yantra, the Sacred Hindu Geometry

A yantra is basically a diagram that can be composed of one or more geometric figures. When combining these, a very powerful energy interaction occurs. Writes Juan Carlos Ramchandani (Krishna Kripa)

Yantra Navagraha

The Sanskrit word yantra comes from the prefix Yam which means "conceive," "mental conception." Yantra therefore literally means "device", "artifice", "mechanism", "tool" or, more precisely, "instrument". It refers to certain complex geometric representations of levels and energies of the cosmos (customized in the form of the chosen deity) and of the human body (as a microcosmic replica of the macrocosm).

The yantras are widely used in Hindu ceremonies, where they are considered as the "body" of personal deity (ishta-devata). They are drawn on paper, wood or fabric; they are also engraved in metal or other materials, and are even designed in three dimensions in mud, sand or metal. The Yantras are composed of a square containing circles, lotus petals and a root or bindu center (literally: dot). In its design are considered numbers with power for Hindu numerology and astrology: from 1 to 9 and 0 that allow to form the other numbers. Color is another important aspect, as white, orange, red and blue are the most important colors. The yantras are always geometric and designate a symbolic diagram that, in two or three dimensions, ranges from the size of a point or triangle to the dimensions of a temple, designed to attract positive energies and to protect from negative energies.

As the Puranas (sacred texts), thousands of years ago the rishis"(wise) inhabited the Himalayan caves, departing from humanity and its increasing fall in the samsara (cycle of repeated births and deaths). They led a life of austerity, penance and meditation in order to free themselves and attain enlightenment.

One day they received a divine message from Vishnu, the supreme Lord, that would help them in this process. Thus, with this revelation is how the philosophy of tantra-yantra-mantra is born. The shaivas rishis say it was Shiva who appeared to them.

Whether Shiva or Vishnu was the creator of this form of sadhana, we can consider it as a technique of meditation and purification of being.

The word "tantra" means latticework. It is formed by the root tan: extend, expand. The intention is to expand wisdom by obtaining spiritual growth and liberation, giving value to one's body, both physical and energetic, as a positive element from which to aspire to enlightenment. The body is a representation of macrocosm and this metaphysical notion comprises karma (which is basically action, and effect produced), the practice of rituals (bids and homas) and the experience of each in the soul-releasing process (atman) that translates into organic, subtle and spiritual energy.

This current will merge partly with aspects of hatha yoga, in order to gain full control over the energies of the body.
The yantras are visual tools that help meditation, being geometric, numerical and/or written representations of the different divinities (manifestations of God), as perceived by the great Rishis of ancient India.

The Vastu and the yantras

Vastu is one of the upa-vedas (Complementary Vedas) that deals with the influence of the laws of nature on human constructions. It is based on a series of treaties that bring together the different precepts that must be respected when designing a building for any use; whether it's a dwelling or a temple. According to Hinduism, the vastu considers that the universe is composed of five elements: earth, water, fire, air and ether, and that the design of a building must achieve a balanced relationship between them. Vastu is considered the origin of Chinese Feng-shui.

Possible errors or energy defects in the construction of the place, poor orientation of the rooms, etc., can be rectified with the placement of different yantras to balance and restore the energies conducive to the building and at the same time protect it from negative influences. This can be verified by a study of a vasati or vastu expert, who will recommend the appropriate yantras and the rituals that accompany it.

India's early civilizations gave them magical powers, such as restoring health, overcoming certain dangers, and causing rain, among other qualities.

Benefits of using yantras

Currently, some use yantras as talismans or amulets, but are mainly used as an instrument for meditation, as they promote calm and concentration, promoting physical, psychological and spiritual well-being.

The yantra, used as an instrument for meditation, acts as a focal point towards the absolute. It is designed to raise awareness and bring the practitioner closer to a higher degree of spirituality. This is achieved thanks to the ability to draw the eye towards the center of the composition, which is usually perfectly symmetrical.

Some yantras rituals are also used therapeutically. In addition, specific yantras can be created for a disease or a specific person, as an amulet that carries out protection against energy imbalances, spells, etc. In any case, the effectiveness of the yantra will depend on the quality of concentration and visualization of the adept, in addition to its mastery of subtle energies.

Difference between yantra and mandala

Mandalas and yantras are sacred diagrams used by Hinduism and Buddhism to represent the structure of the Universe and the human being, this considered to be a microcosmic replica of macrocosm. They are a geometric projection of the cosmos, and are usually organized by a circle (center of the universe and concentration support) inscribed within a quadrangular form. In practice, Hindu yantras are linear and geometric, while Buddhist mandalas are figurative. Its purpose is similar to the yantras. They are used for concentration, devotional purposes or to increase personal knowledge and wisdom.

The specific style and meaning of each mandala or yantra is explained according to the time and the sampradaya (philosophy school) that creates it; there are vaishnavas (consecrated to Vishnu), shaivas (consecrated to Shiva) and shaktas (consecrated to Shakti, the Mother Goddess). Mandalas are often made with fragile and perishable elements such as sand, flower petals or rice. The construction of such a mandala is thorough and takes several days. However, once finished it is destroyed to fulfill one of the fundamental purposes of its philosophy: to show the impermanence of things, promoting detachment. The creation of a mandala or a yantra is, in addition to an elaborate work that develops patience and constancy, an active meditation, a powerful instrument of concentration and relaxation. The relationship that is established through contemplation of its geometry leads to a state of mind that invites samadhi or union with the Divinity.

Yantras and mantras

Each yantra has a mantra (sacred phoneme) through which the individual mind summons cosmic energy through the three bodies: causal, subtle, and material. The yantra is also considered a vessel of mantra energy.

In addition, the yantras are complemented by mantras, since they harmonize the practitioner's energy with that of the yantra, which in turn vibrates with the infinite energy of the Universe. In meditation, both instruments are generally used simultaneously.

A properly energized yantra contains the same energy of divinity and is the essence of that divinity. One of the Sanskrit meanings of the word yantra is that of tool or machine, so a yantra is a machine that serves to manifest the energy of the divinity it represents in the place where it is placed.

Energize a yantra

In order for a yantra to cease to be just a geometric drawing and become the physical body of a divinity, it has to be duly ritualized by a pure (Hindu priest) who performs a ceremony of fire (homa) using appropriate instruments and rites to install the breath of life (prana pratishta) and thus invite the deity to reside in each yantra. Thus, no figure or image of a divinity is as powerful as a ritualized yantra is.

To worship the yantra (previously installed), you must first take a purifying bath. You should place the yantra facing east on a wooden shelf and offer you incense, a candle, flowers, fruits, among others. Following a teacher's instructions, the appropriate mantra of the yantra will be recited at the appropriate time and with a fixed duration. It is not a question of observing the details of the yantra, but of keeping our eyes on the center, since the whole composition is contemplated as a whole.

Only the yantras are used as objects of worship, meditation and protection, allowing the practitioner to favor with his energy.
This intellectual discipline of using the yantras arises from India's highest thought and gives rise to the worship of the deity in all its forms, while at the same time it is a path of liberation.

Types of yantras

There is a yantra for every wish, but the most famous yantra of all is the Sri Yantra. The Sri Yantra considered the supreme yantra, so it contains and transcends all others. The name refers to the energy of the goddess (Sri), summarized in a complex scheme of forms consecrated to Shakti (for the shaivas) and to Lakshmi (for the vaishnavas). This yantra grants victory to all levels. It is composed of nine triangles juxtaposed and placed in such a way that they originate a total of 43 small triangles. Four of the first nine triangles point upwards and represent male cosmic energy (Shiva); the other five point down and symbolize the female force (Shakti). These triangles are surrounded by an eight-petalled lotus symbolizing Vishnu. The next lotus, with sixteen petals, represents the conquest of the desired goal, specifically the power of the yogi over the mind and senses. Locking this lotus is four concentric lines that symbolically connect with the two lotuses. The triple line that surrounds it is called the "city of the earth" (bhupura) and designates the consecrated place that can contain the entire universe or, by analogy, the human body.

Different types of yantras and their properties

  1. Ganesha: to succeed in new activities and beginnings.
  2. Durga: protects from theft, arguments, accidents, fires and problems in life.
  3. Hanuman: against spells, vigor to overcome difficult problems and change impossible situations.
  4. Vishnu: eliminates fears and phobias, increases and improves friendships.
  5. Lakshmi and Kubera: prosperity and wealth.
  6. Parvati / Uma: marital happiness; solves problems with the couple.
  7. Mahamrituñjaya: to lengthen life, avoid sudden, premature or imminent death.
  8. Shiva: for the practice of yoga.
  9. Navagraha: andantra of the 9 Vedic planets, to balance the chakras and for prosperity in general.
  10. Dhanvantari: healthy diseases and provides good health.
  11. Sarasvati: learning, knowledge, intelligence and wisdom.
  12. Vastu Purusha: to correct energy defects in the construction of the home or workplace.
  13. Krishna Gopal Santan: prevents abortions and grants healthy children to couples.

These symbolic diagrams can only be found in India in 120 Hindu temples and monasteries (108 consecrated to Vishnu and his incarnations, and 12 to Shiva), and are guarded by the priests or Brahmins themselves. No one has access to them, except through, intervention or approval from the guardian of the Yantra. After a deep and long research work, the author of this article managed to access the sacred and secret books containing this information and reproduce the yantras in metal and paper, following the ancestral tradition, commissioning the Hindu artisans an arduous work of craftsmanship, in order to make them available to the Western public, so that all can benefit from the supernatural forces enclosed in these divine instruments of spiritual power. The yantra has to be engraved in metal or printed on paper at a favorable time determined by complex astrological calculations. The yantras are beneficial to all mankind without distinction of race or creed, and can be an important complement in the meditation of yoga practitioners.

If you want to get a ritualized yantra, you can write directly to the author at the following email address: ramchandanijc@gmail.com and he can advise you on the type of yantra that suits you according to your needs or desires.

Juan Carlos Ramchandani smallWho is it

Juan Carlos Ramchandani is purohit (Hindu priest), yoga-acharya (yoga teacher) and Doctor of traditional Hindu philosophy. He has published 11 books and numerous articles on yoga and Hinduism. Travel throughout Spain giving lectures and performing Vedic ceremonies.


Other articles about
By • 9 Jul, 2013 • Sección: Signatures