Mahatma Gandhi, Apostle of peace
January 30 marked the 65th anniversary of the death of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, assassinated by a hindu fanatic in 1948 in the city of New Delhi (India). This day was chosen by the United Nations to commemorate the day school of the non-violence and peace. Writes Juan Carlos Ramchandani
Not confused with the day international of the peace, that is celebrated the 21 of September or with the of it not violence, that is celebrates the 2 of October (day of the birth of Gandhi). Today, 30 of October, is the day school of the No violence and the peace, in which many school will learn who was
Gandhi is considered the Apostle of peace and one of the most influential characters in the history of the 20th century. The world remembers to Mahatma Gandhi as a great man that taught the power of the peace. Without this message, Gandhi had been so only another revolutionary, just another nationalist, in a country that was struggling by deliver is of the domain of a nation foreign.
Where discovered Gandhi this message? How was capable of learning your method when all them other nationalist were learning to fight? It it learned step by step. An of its first decisions was converted is in a true vegetarian, choosing the vegetarianism by belief and ethics, not simply by heritage cultural. And by the study and implementation in practice of the teachings of the Bhagavad gita.
This article is a study summarized on the origin of the fortress human and spiritual of Gandhi, which made that was called by the village Indian Mahatma (in Sanskrit "great soul").
Inspiration in the Bhagavad gita and other writings
Is curious that Gandhi began to read it Bhagavad gita (text main of the Hinduism) in London, during its second year in the career of law, invited by two companions of studies English that is met all them days to read it Gita.
Gandhi not read Sanskrit, so opted for reading a translation to the English of Sir Edwin Arnold. Gandhi was fascinated by the message timeless from the Gita, especially of the last 19 verses of the chapter second of the text sacred, that according to it was the summary of the dharma (duty divine). The young Gandhi would begin to read it Gita to daily, practice that does not leave until the end of his life. Years more afternoon during one of their many imprisonments, wrote a comment in gujerati (his language native) of the Bhagavad gita.
Inspired by the message of Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad gita, Gandhi began the movement of Satyagraha (devotion to the truth) in South Africa in 1906. Gandhi would call to the Bhagavad gita "his book of spiritual inquiry". Wrote in the weekly The young IndiaAugust 6, 1925:
"When doubts haunt me, when disappointments me challenge and I see no hope on the horizon, I go to the" Bhagavad gita and I find a verse that comforts me. Immediately displayed a smile in the middle of this huge sadness in me. Those who meditate on the Gita "will receive from it a fresh joy and new meanings each day."
Mahadev Desai, who was during years Secretary of Gandhi, testifies: "each moment of the life of Gandhi was an effort consciously to live the message of the" Gita.” Of this work was awarded Gandhi the inspiration for fight against the caste system, that based on false birth rights condemned to ostracism to different social groups. Gandhi wanted to establish the varna-Ashram, system social in which the person accessed to a given establishment by its capacity and preparation and not by his birth. For this reason and the favor the dialogue with them Muslims, Gandhi was murdered by a brahmana of caste.
Gandhi study the Quran and also the New Testament. Of the Sermon of the mountain would say: "I came directly to the heart." León Tolstoi books were also inspiration for Gandhi, particularly The Kingdom of God is in you. Gandhi translated another book from this author called Letter to a hindu written in 1908, in response to the nationalist Indian that supported the violence. Gandhi remained in contact with Tolstoy to the death of this in 1910. The Letter Tolstoy's relies on the hindu philosophy of the Vedas and the teachings of Krishna in relation to rising Indian nationalism. Gandhi would say about the reading of texts sacred of other religions:
"That anyone, even for a moment, the fear that a reverent study of other religions may weaken their faith in their own shelter. The hindu system of philosophy believes that all religions contain elements of truth and prescribes and imposes an attitude of respect and reverence for all of them."
Gandhi and the vegetarianism
Gandhi led a simple life, making their own clothing and in addition to being a prominent vegetarian. As a good hindu would say:
"I feel that the progress spiritual us demand that stop of kill and eat to our brothers, creatures of Dios, and only to meet our perverts and sensual appetites." The supremacy of man over animal should demonstrate not only embarrassing us barbaric habit of killing them and devour them but taking care of them, protecting them and loving them. Not eating meat is without doubt a great help to the development and peace of our spirit, the greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged according to the way that it treats its animals."
Gandhi and spirituality
A test of the fight of Gandhi and his search of Dios is in their last words before dying. He exclaimed: "Hey branch" (Oh, Lord). This is interprets as a sign of his spirituality, as well as his idealism in the search of the peace in his country. These words are written in the monument of the Raj ghat in Delhi, where he was cremated.
Rigorously faithful to the essential to the hindu tradition, Gandhi does not accept however the irremovability of the principles, and need to question certain practices or beliefs (castes and the payment of dowry by the woman in marriage, among others) explainable, perhaps in another time, but unjustifiable in the present day. The figure of Gandhi thus appears as an example of the fertilization of the eternal values of an ancient hindu spirituality and a sensitivity to modern, more attentive to the assessment of the individual, provided from the West.
Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize, although he was nominated five times between 1937 and 1948. Decades later, however, the Committee that manages the prize Nobel said the injustice of such omission, that attributed to them feelings nationalist divided that denied such Prize to Gandhi.
When to the Dalai Lama le was awarded said award in 1989, the President of the Committee stated that in part this award is granted in tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhi was a great karma Yogi (detachment of them actions) and applied the principles of the Yamas and Niyamas of them Yoga-sutras of Patanjali.
Juan Carlos Ramchandani is priest hindu, master of Yoga and a doctorate in classical hindu philosophy. Author of 10 books and numerous articles on Yoga and Hinduism.