The yoga of the knowledge: Sri Ramana Maharshi and the advaita vedanta
For more than 25 years Swami Satyananda Saraswati, he lived in India, at the foot of the sacred mountain of Arunachala in Tiruvannamalai, place where Sri Ramana Maharshi had resided. Throughout this period, Swamiji lived with direct disciples of the master and knew in depth his life and teaching.
Soon to be held in Barcelona a seminar on the method and the essence of the advaita School of Sri Ramana Maharshi (1879-1950). talked about this with Swami Satyananda Saraswati, who taught this seminar.
Who was Ramana Maharshi?
Ramana was one of the great contemporary exponents of advaita vedanta. His life was marked by an early experience of awakening and a clear expression of the essence of advaita (non-duality).
How did this awakening?
With 16 years and for no apparent reason he felt that he was going to die. As commented, at that time he lay on the ground and noted how his body became rigid and, however, their awareness of 'I' was not dying. Then came the question: "What is this me?". He acknowledged a pure existence independent of the body, the mind, and earlier the
emotions and the intellect. Awareness recognized herself, had a full awakening. Later he realized that the experience that had naturally was the essence of a millenary tradition.
Which would be the basis of his teaching?
When we know our own nature, non-dual consciousness, we realize that ignorance never existed. This is the essence of the advaita vedanta. Sri Ramana emphasized that the only thing to do is to set aside the veil that obscures us our real nature. This veil is a superimposition that creates the illusion of being a body that exists in time and space, limited and conditioned; an entity body-mind that feeds on the thoughts and past impressions.
The advaita vedanta teaches us to have access to the space of silence where there is no concept. From this space, who am I? This is the method recommended by Ramana Maharshi: the atma vichara, auto-indagacion; an ancient teaching that is already in the Upanishads Kundalini Yoga classic Yoga Vashishta, among others.
Who am I? (Ko'ham?) It is not something that has to be repeated; It is a turn of attention inwards, towards the anterior space to conceptual, previous to the same mind 'I'. The question has no answer. The vichara leads us to silence where consciousness recognizes itself, where the illusion of individuality disappears.
The way of the vichara requires a mind subtle and pregnantly. Ramana always said: "there are two big ways: the way of the vichara or jnana (knowledge) and the path of the surrender". Due to its deep spiritual emanation, his primary teaching was the silence. As was a person who had been in the presence of the master again and times: "The silence of Ramana was like a fire that you wore to your inside, a force that you"
driving toward your Center."
Ramana Maharsi did no practice. How did this experience of unit?
We are talking about an exceptional case; He said that his experience was the result of the practice of other lives. As the great masters of the UpanishadsShe insisted that our essence is awareness and joy.
Sri Ramana taught that a consistent practice (sadhana) was necessary to remove the illusion of limitation and settle in the fullness of being.
A history of Ramana Maharshi to finish...
There are stories of great depth and precious. The following summarizes the essence of his teaching:
Achyuta Swami was a known master of the South of India. This came to Tiruvannamalai with over two hundred disciples to see the young Ramana. He told his disciples that they expected him to the foot of the mountain of Arunachala and rose only. To see the master, he sat at his feet and said: "Oh Lord, grant me your state of Supreme identity, of unity, of non-duality (advaita) in which are deliberately set". Sri Ramana, after a space of silence. He said to him: "Summa iru".
Summa iru means 'stays in your essence, you realize that you are all'. Achyuta Swami was absorbed in itself and infinitely grateful for this primary teaching, the teaching of advaita nectar.
Workshop with Swami Satyananda Saraswati: ' Sri Ramana Maharshi. Upadesha Sara. The essence of the teaching of advaita'.
When: 17 and 18 December in Barcelona.
More information: advaitavidya.org.