The origin of Yoga
How old is Yoga? You could say that as many as transcendent or spiritual restlessness that comes from human beings, as well as their search for the fullness and wisdom. But it may require a little more...
We follow the trace of its age in the book The keys of Yoga. Theory and practice, Swami Digambarananda Saraswati / Danilo Hernández (editorial La March Hare):
It is very difficult to point out the historical origin of Yoga and there is divergence of views on the matter. Some authors consieran which has an age of more than five thousand years, i.e. which would be prior to the Vedas (the most ancient books of humanity). Others, by contrast, claim that you have originated within the framework is the Veda. It is evident that Yoga, understood as a personal attitude of search and internal development, is very previous to these texts. The yogic techniques that we know today might not be as old.
Some writers like Mircea Eliada argue that Yoga was already known and practiced in the ancient civilization of the Indus which bloomed in the millennia third and second a. J. C. Archaeological excavations carried out in more than 60 locations between the Arabian Sea and the mountain range of the Himalayas as well evidenced. This civilization could have been grouped around two cities: Mohenjo-Daro in the South and Harappa in the North. They have been discovered in this area numerous figurines of people practicing poses yogic and meditation, demonstrating that Yoga was known before the Aryans (impetuous Warrior people who invaded India to 1500 a. C. and in whose bosom geminated Vedic culture) invaded the Indian subcontienente.
The ancient culture of the Yoga because its evolution to the wise men of antiquity, who developed and applied his teachings according to the characteristics of its era. In antiquity, the teachings were secretly revealed master to disciple, in a string that has reached our days. With the passage of time, much of the teachings were transcribed, but another part remains hidden and only you can access them through direct contact with a teacher.
As for the classics, are the Veda those who mention Yoga for the first time)Rigveda and Atharvaveda), and even if they do not reveal the practices, do allude to classical concepts of Yoga, such as the existence of the principle dynamic vayu (prana or energy) and its direct link with the breath. Also refer to the existence of the centres and psiquicos-energeticos channels (nadis and chakras).
The Upanishads, It is the last Veda, they contain the essence of these and they have given support to the Vedanta philosophy. In them Yoga already acquired a solid base and a definite shape. The essential message of the Upanishads It is that being (essence of oneself) only can be known through the Union (Yoga), and not speculation. Being cannot be done outside one's self, but deeper within ourselves.
Between five thousand and three thousand years before Christ: Archaeological sites at Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, in what is now Pakistan, estatuilas described to Lord Shiva and Parvati in different postures of meditation and asanas. They belonged to cultures that lived anrtes that the Aryan civilization invaded India.
2700 BC: Seals with ascetic in meditation posture.
1800 - 1000 BC: The existence of Yoga is already mentioned in the texts Veda, hymns in prose or verse that convey concepts about life as a whole.
Between the VIII and VI BC: There are the texts of the Upanishads, which means sit by and be meditative, a close approximation to the truth.
400-200 b.c.: Appears the Ramayana, epic poem that tells the tragic story of love between Rama and Sita and already speaking of Yoga. Appears the Mahabharata, that includes the Bhagavad Gita, a classic of Yoga.
From the 2nd century d. C.: The Tantric culture, which developed the control of energy in the body, is assimilated by Hinduism and hence that Hatha Yoga to acquire more expertise on energy.
300 to 400 d. C.: The first full text preserved on Yoga: the Yoga-sutras of Patanjali.
In the 16th century: Are the texts of Hatha Yoga Paradipika.
In 1893: Swami Vivekananda presents Yoga in public.