The fascial system: the network that connects you
The fascia is the tissue which, as a network, wrapped the rest of tissues of our body (bones, muscles and organs) and links them together. The fascial system covers a vast expanse of the organism, compacting it, shaping it, compartmentalize it and stabilizing and holding all the organs. Write Or Aleluiya and Alex monastery.
This system is formed by whitish tissue thickness and degree of density, strength and flexibility depend on its location and mechanical requirements the area.
The fascias are full of sensory receptors (biological sensors) are connected each to a nerve. Its function is to inform the central nervous system about, among other things, of the mechanical stresses experienced by the tissue and, by extension, the body. It is the largest sensory system of the body, ahead of the skin.
In addition, the fascial system is the main defensive body tissue, Since inside her through the so-called 'fundamental substance' fluid, pass the lymphocytes (white blood cells) to go beyond where it is necessary to keep bacteria and viruses. If outside, the complex fascial system plays an important role in body mechanics and responds to the emotional influences.
In fact, we have a single fascia, surrounding all organs and internal structures of the body.
The stomach, the liver, kidneys, blood vessels, muscles... have their own fascial sheath. Rather than maintain the structure of the organs, these holsters, fascial are expanded in different directions to anchor both the skeletal system and the organs and adjacent structures.
That same fascia surrounds bone (periosteum), at whose ends are densifies forming the ligaments. Some authors (Serge Paoletti) even considered bone as an extreme specialization of the fascia, in which his tissue has incorporated osteocytes and minerals to increase density and hardness. Spinal cord the fascia is literally upholstering it, maintaining cohesive vertebrae and giving, at the same time, flexibility to perform everyday movements. From the spine, it continues to expand to form the meninges, i.e. the tissue specialized fascial that covers and protects the central nervous system (brain, cerebellum and spinal cord).
If shown how this tissue, resistant and flexible, covers and connects the other tissues of the body you will understand the importance of keep it in tip-top condition.
In addition, between the fibers of collagen and elastin of the fascial tissue flows the aforementioned matrix or fundamental substance, a watery fluid which circulating lymphocytes, macrophages (both defensive cells) and fibroblasts (repairing the tissue cells), and also that feed cells and nutrients that come from the blood vessels. In addition, through this fluid, pass the toxins derived from the cellular activity of the organs to be evacuated by the lymphatic system. That is why eimportant keep the fascial tissue well hydrated and elastic.
The fascias need some minimum conditions to be able to perform their function in the best way.
The influence of stress in the position
Is known that one of the areas in which the stress is somatiza is the belly. Who not has felt pressure and discomfort in the pit of the stomach a situation distressing, sad, or threatening? There are multiple physical reactions to stress, for example an increase in tone of the sphincters of the intestinal tract, as the pylorus (the valve that is at the end of the stomach), or the intestinal muscles that move the faecal bolus.
These tensions that tend to experiment in the abdomen (and, by the way, a good number of them go unnoticed) affect the skeletal structure and condition it: given a downward traction that is transmitted from the intra-abdominal organs to the diaphragm, of This is the pericardium and then to the cervical and thoracic vertebrae through the viscerofasciales chains. The result is a internal tension which induces to take a stand hipercifotica (stooped back). On the other hand, psychotherapy and spiritual work can help transform the way in which we relate to stress. Recognize sources that lead us to it is essential to improve both the mental attitude to life and the physical posture.
The fascias «bag» muscles and connect them among themselves by establishing, literally, lines or tension strips that are used to keep the body in a certain posture or optimize the function during the movement, so that the daily posture affects these voltage power lines.
A badly healed sprain can cause dysfunctions in knee, hip or spine.
Muscles often work grouped in chains myofascial)Mio means 'muscle') in order to hold the body upright. CWhen the body is misaligned and a string works more than him, tightens and shortens, which affects the chains with which it is associated.
On the other hand, there are pathological processes that can easily alter the Biomechanics of the body and extend through myofascial chains.
For example, a poorly healed sprain may cause mechanical dysfunctions in knee, hip and even the spine. Or scarring can trigger a tension to pull the adjacent structures, as happens to pinch a spider's Web: If attaches one end the entire system becomes deformed.
It is important to count with a physiotherapist, osteopath or expert in Mézières, RPG or Rolfing method to find those voltage cores and reduce its mechanical conditioning. The aim is that the body can physically express itself with freedom.
It is also essential to the postural re-education in everyday life (in front of the computer, in the car, on the couch, walking, etc.) and usually moderate exercise. Muscles tend to shorten and contract; to stretch them regularly keeps the joint free myofascial.
Improper postural patterns, prolonged stress, food intolerances, and some scars can harden and dehydrate the fascial tissue.
Its capacity is reduced thus both provide nutrients to the cells of the affected zone and evacuate the metabolites (toxins) from these same cells. Densification reduces flexibility and joint range of motion.
Traditional stretches have an impact on the any of the myofascial system. However, certain regions fascial as visceral fascia or body surface can stretch more effectively.
On the body surface is useful to the skin traction, firm but gentle, performed with the palms of the hands. It can also help breathing (with a 3-5 seconds at the end of the breathing time apnea). In some cases it is more interesting emphasize the inhalation (for the anterior and posterior region of the trunk) and in others, the exhalation (anterior and lateral neck region).
- A combined with exhalation and apnea maintained spinal extension exercise improves the elasticity of abdominal visceral fascia.
- With inhalation and an apnea improves the elasticity of the intrathoracic visceral fascia.
The key is not so much the intensity as hold the stretch for a minute or more. If you force the myofascial tissue, this tends to keep its rigidity to protect themselves from possible injury, making it more difficult to extend it.
If you want to know how to deal with a headache, shoulder and knee safely, November 11-12 weekend celebrate the course ' system myofascial '. It is the last time that we will make it in Barcelona for a few years!
We will deepen the knowledge of three useful techniques in these and other many cases and all with special - FisiomYoga - methodology that combines yoga with physiotherapy and osteopathy:
- Myofascial trigger points.
- Myofascial stretching.
- Neuromuscular stretching.
Three techniques are of high relevance to many diseases and injuries.
An opportunity to enrich the trunk of tools for teachers of yoga and healthcare professionals
There are few places left! Book yours here:
The instructor also includes teaching materials online!
Alex monastery and Or Haleluiya
Alex monastery It is physical therapist, ostopata and posturologist with wide experience in the field of health care and teaching. He has been Professor at the Ramon Llull University in Barcelona of physiotherapy for more than one decade and has worked about five years as a therapist at the Hospital Sant Pau (aside from having his private practice for 20 years where he sees cases of all kinds). He is the author of the book Spine healthy (translated also to the Russian).
Almost 20 years has taught Anatomy, Physiology and pathology to yoga teachers, must be one of the first in Spain, and no doubt has a lot to offer when it comes to teach the more than 40 pathological processes studied in the training jointly with Or, as well as how to deal with them all them with therapy through movement.
Or Haleluiya It is a Yoga teacher, acupuncturist, master's degree in Psychology (UAB). President of the Spanish Association of Yoga therapy. Or began his practice at age 22 in the Iyengar method intensively for seven years, traveling widely to study with teachers known worldwide in this method. It has certified in Anusara yoga, restorative Yoga, and Yoga therapy. Or has made a couple of courses of dissection human in the universities in London and Scotland. It's regular writer of articles in different journals.
Or classes are exceptional by their masters to refine biomechanical of people practice yoga according to the skills and needs. It also has an original ability to tell stories of the Indian mythology related to the biomechanical studied in their classes that move and connect with the heart.